New York Transformed: The Architecture of Cross & Cross
June 12, 2014
In 1907, a year of a major financial crisis in the United States, New York was still mostly a low-rise metropolis rife with tenements, stables, slaughterhouses and factories. But that was soon to change.The Manhattan of the future was starting to take shape.
Critical in the city’s transformation were the Yale-educated, Beaux Arts-trained architect John Walter Cross (1878–1951) and his younger brother and partner, Eliot Cross (1883–1949).The architect brothers, who were also businessmen and developers, brought their imagination and dignified style to the streets of New York and beyond.Their influence on the cityscape was enormous.
Architect Peter Pennoyer and historian Anne Walker show how the Cross & Cross firm built a successful practice during the vibrant 1910s and 1920s and continued to work through two world wars and the Great Depression. Although the name Cross & Cross has been largely forgotten, the brothers’ buildings and work are still essential to the character and face of New York.
Presented in collaboration with the Institute of Classical Architecture and Art.